Calling for a "Reaganite" policy of "military strength and moral clarity," it concluded that PNAC's principles were necessary "if the United States is to build on the successes of this past century and to ensure our security and our greatness in the next." 0000003028 00000 n its trajectory, increasing times for interception and multiplying the effectiveness of … 0000005564 00000 n Since the document is over 80 pages long I have created a summary of its major ideas in order to make it more accessible. To help achieve these aims, Rebuilding America's Defenses advocated a gradual increase in military and defense spending "to a minimum level of 3.5 to 3.8 percent of gross domestic product, adding $15 billion to $20 billion to total defense spending annually. The letter suggested that "any strategy aiming at the eradication of terrorism and its sponsors must include a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq," even if no evidence surfaced linking Iraq to the September 11 attacks. Le Project for the New American Century (Projet pour le Nouveau Siècle Américain, PNAC) est un think tank néoconservateur américain ayant fonctionné de 1997 à 2006. Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century i INTRODUCTION The Project for the New American Century was established in the spring of 1997. [33], Shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, the PNAC sent a letter to President George W. Bush, specifically advocating regime change through "a determined effort to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq." It is issuing a report entitled "Rebuilding America's Defenses" that clearly is aimed at influencing the next administration. [56], "We have no choice but to re-instill in our foes and friends the fear that attaches to any great power. )>> /F 23 0 R >> endobj 476 0 obj << /I << /Title (\001)>> /F 225 0 R >> endobj 477 0 obj << /I << /Title (\001)>> /F 282 0 R >> endobj 478 0 obj << /I << /Title (\001)>> /F 291 0 R >> endobj 479 0 obj << /I << /Title (None of the defense reviews of the past decade has weighed fully the ran\ ge of missions demanded by U.S. global leadership, nor adequately quanti\ fied the forces and resources necessary to execute these missions succes\ sfully. "[20] In June 1997, Kristol and Kagan founded the PNAC in order to advance the goals they had first laid out in Foreign Affairs, echoing the article's statements and goals in PNAC's founding Statement of Principles. 0000011942 00000 n "[62] In 2009 Robert Kagan and William Kristol created a new think tank, the Foreign Policy Initiative, which scholars Stephen M. Walt and Don Abelson have characterized as a successor to PNAC. 0000006933 00000 n Writing in Der Spiegel in 2003, Jochen Bölsche claimed that Rebuilding America's Defenses "had been developed by PNAC for Rumsfeld, Cheney, Wolfowitz and Libby," and was "devoted to matters of 'maintaining US pre-eminence, thwarting rival powers and shaping the … [9][19], In this regard, Stuart Elden has stated that "The influence that PNAC had was astonishing," and noted that, The number of figures associated with PNAC that had been members of the Reagan or the first Bush administration and the number that would take up office with the administration of the second President Bush demonstrate that it is not merely a question of employees and budgets. Rebuilding Americas Defenses - PNAC - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. . [27][32], In January 1999, the PNAC circulated a memo that criticized the December 1998 bombing of Iraq in Operation Desert Fox as ineffective. [64], Former American neoconservative think tank, Focus on military strategies, versus diplomatic strategies. Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century 6HOMELAND. Pinterest Share on reddit. Political and economic think tanks in the United States, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "The PNAC's 33 leaders were highly connected with the American state - displaying 115 such connections: 27 with the Department of Defense, 13 with State, 12 with the White House, 10 with the, "The PNAC may be considered strongly integrated into the political and administrative machinery of US power; certainly, it is not an outsider institution in this regard. [51], Some critics went further, asserting that Rebuilding America's Defenses should be viewed as a program for global American hegemony. 0000009712 00000 n At the end of the list of "Project Participants", on page 90 of. It says: 'The United States has for decades sought to … Maar nu komen langzaam aan verhalen boven dat het een keurig geregisseerd verhaal is … . 0000005624 00000 n Twitter Share on linkedin. Per favore leggi la nostra breve guida come inviare un libro a Kindle. '"[45][52] British MP Michael Meacher made similar allegations in 2003, stating that the document was "a blueprint for the creation of a global Pax Americana," which had been "drawn up for" key members of the Bush administration. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. A Report of The Project for the New American Century - September 2000. ", "No one can doubt that PNAC was an important contributor to the. Du fait de son importance, tant par sa taille que par son influence, ce rapport équivaut à un programme politique. 0000011128 00000 n Rebuilding Americas Defenses - PNAC - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. It also lists the names of 27 other participants who contributed papers or attended meetings related to the production of the report, six of whom subsequently assumed key defense and foreign policy positions in the Bush administration. 0000003250 00000 n "[34] From 2001 through the invasion of Iraq, the PNAC and many of its members voiced active support for military action against Iraq, and asserted leaving Saddam Hussein in power would be "surrender to terrorism. Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century The Project for the New American Century September 2000 A Report of 458 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 482 /H [ 5624 1091 ] /L 873322 /E 12965 /N 90 /T 864043 >> endobj xref 458 50 0000000016 00000 n 50 Free Printable Bookmark Templates. Traductions en contexte de "de raser" en français-anglais avec Reverso Context : bombe de mousse à raser Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 0000012345 00000 n 0000005120 00000 n In the article, they argued that American conservatives were "adrift" in the area of foreign policy, advocated a "more elevated vision of America's international role," and suggested that the United States' should adopt a stance of "benevolent global hegemony. In order to achieve this goal, the statement's signers called for significant increases in defense spending, and for the promotion of "political and economic freedom abroad." Rebuilding Americas Defenses | The Project for the New American Century | download | Z-Library. Rebuilding America's Defenses and other kinds of academic papers in our essays database at Many Essays. Het is bekend dat ik de V.S wantrouwend volg in de dagelijkse beslommeringen wat betreft de werledhandel en de wereldvrede. The American people will support that effort, and the United States is more than strong enough to make it a success. Rebuilding America’s Defenses, p. 51. "[48] The report's primary author was Giselle Donnelly, then going by the first name Thomas. Im September 2000 publizierte das PNAC einen 80-seitigen Bericht mit dem Titel „Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategies, Forces, And Resources For a New Century“. ", "There can be no question that the September 2002 'National security strategy of the United States of America,' announcing a Bush doctrine predicated upon military prevention, regime change, and enhanced defence spending, has been heavily influenced by neoconservative writings. REBUILDING AMERICA’S DEFENSES. Citing the PNAC's 1997 Statement of Principles, Rebuilding America's Defenses asserted that the United States should "seek to preserve and extend its position of global leadership" by "maintaining the preeminence of U.S. military forces. "[48] Journalist John Pilger pointed to this passage when he argued that the Bush administration had used the events of September 11 as an opportunity to capitalize on long-desired plans. A Report of The Project for the New American Century September 2000 Some Key Paragraphs Prescient and oft-quoted pre-911 'false-flag justification' piece 0000012734 00000 n 0000003587 00000 n 0000004940 00000 n Rebuilding America’s Defenses, versão francesa Reconstruire les défenses de l’Amérique descarregável, traduzida (para o francês) por Pierre-Henry Bunel para ReOpen911. Original source "Rebuilding America's Defenses (RAD)" is a policy document published by a neoconservative Washington think tank called the Project for the New American Century (PNAC). Il présente une vaste analyse de la situation, partant du postulat selon lequel le Rebuilding America’s Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century. 0000005060 00000 n To arm a nation : rebuilding America's endangered defenses, Richard Halloran Resource Information The item To arm a nation : rebuilding America's endangered defenses, Richard Halloran represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in Indiana State Library . Share on facebook. )>> /F 48 0 R >> endobj 480 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Army\220s \217Land Warrior\220 experiments will greatly increase the\ value of dismounted infantry. [5], In September 2000 PNAC released "Rebuilding America's Defenses" a report that promotes "the belief that America should seek to preserve and extend its position of global leadership by maintaining the preeminence of U.S. military forces." 0000011505 00000 n A Report of The Project for the New American Century - September 2000. ", "Of the twenty-five signatories of the PNAC's Statement of Principles ... ten went on to serve in the George W. Bush administration, including Dick Cheney, Donald Rumsfeld, and Paul Wolfowitz, among others. Donald Kagan and Gary Schmitt are credited as project chairmen. Le rapport Rebuilding America's Defenses [4] (Reconstruire les défenses de l'Amérique), rédigé par les membres du PNAC en 2000, présente sa doctrine dans un document de 90 pages qui porte sur la stratégie militaire des États-Unis. 0000004203 00000 n 0000008940 00000 n Since the document is over 80 pages long I have created a summary of its major ideas in order to make it more accessible. [41], Some[who?] Eduardo A. Encina, Tampa Bay Times 1 min ago Biden has signed 42 executive actions since taking office. The result, it suggested, was a form "paying for today's needs by shortchanging tomorrow's; withdrawing from constabulary missions to retain strength for large-scale wars; "choosing" between presence in Europe or presence in Asia; and so on." )>> /F 244 0 R >> endobj 472 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Navy should consider using a de-activated carrier to better understa\ nd the possibilities and problems of operating large fleets of UAVs at s\ ea. In February 1998, some of the same individuals who had signed the PNAC letter in January also signed a similar letter to Clinton, from the bipartisan Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf. A Blueprint for Rebuilding America's Military After the Coronavirus. "The true cost of not meeting our defense requirements," the report argued, "will be a lessened capacity for American global leadership and, ultimately, the loss of a global security order that is uniquely friendly to American principles and prosperity. Subject areas are arranged under 4 categories: A. Pax Americana — outlining the rationale for global empire, B. Russian Aggression Spurs Neighbors to Rebuild Defenses Michael M. Phillips, James Marson 1/5/2021 Time to double or upgrade masks as coronavirus variants emerge, experts say Rebuilding America’s Defenses, version française Reconstruire les défenses de l’Amérique téléchargeable, traduite par Pierre-Henry Bunel pour ReOpen911. 0000002807 00000 n "[55] Similarly, Abelson has written that "evaluating the extent of PNAC's influence is not as straightforward" as Meacher and others maintain," as "we know very little about the inner workings of this think tank and whether it has lived up to its billing as the architect of Bush's foreign policy". 0000011920 00000 n 0000002508 00000 n 0000006715 00000 n [25][26] Following perceived Iraqi unwillingness to co-operate with UN weapons inspections, core members of the PNAC including Richard Perle, Paul Wolfowitz, R. James Woolsey, Elliot Abrams, Donald Rumsfeld, Robert Zoellick, and John Bolton were among the signatories of an open letter initiated by the PNAC to President Bill Clinton calling for the removal of Saddam Hussein. Scan an ISBN with your phone Use the Amazon App to scan ISBNs and compare prices. )>> /F 299 0 R >> endobj 475 0 obj << /I << /Title (At present the United States faces no global rival. The following refer to or label PNAC as a neoconservative organization: Statement of Principles of the Project for a New American Century : Arin, Kubilay Yado (2013): Think Tanks, the Brain Trusts of US Foreign Policy. Per favore accedi al tuo account prima; Serve aiuto? 0000001351 00000 n )>> /F 55 0 R >> endobj 464 0 obj << /I << /Title (Ryan)>> /F 142 0 R >> endobj 465 0 obj << /I << /Title (To increase their effectiveness, ground-based interceptors like the Army\ \220s Theater High-Altitude Area Defense System must be networked to spa\ ce-based systems. All of these, the report asserted, were "bad choices" and "false economies," which did little to promote long-term American interests. 0000007852 00000 n It described the United States as the "world's pre-eminent power," and said that the nation faced a challenge to "shape a new century favorable to American principles and interests." Le PNAC pose en principe fondamental la considération selon laquelle le « leadership américain est à la foi… Global Hegemony: Or “Pax Americana”) PNAC’s Manifesto: “Rebuilding America’s Defenses” Some people have compared it to Hitler’s publication of Mein Kampf, which was ignored until after the war was over. Rebuilding America’s Defenses. This document advocated a global Pax Americana unrestrained by international law ..."[54], Other academics, such as Donald E. Abelson and Phillip Hammond, have suggested that many of these criticisms were overblown, while noting that similar statements about PNAC's origins, goals, and influence "continue to make their way into the academic literature on the neo-conservative network in the United States." Have one to sell? 0000008045 00000 n "[35][36][37][38][39], Some have regarded the PNAC's January 16, 1998 letter to President Clinton urging "the removal of Saddam Hussein's regime from power,"[28][40] and the involvement of multiple PNAC members in the Bush Administration[10][11] as evidence that the PNAC had a significant influence on the Bush Administration's decision to invade Iraq, or even argued that the invasion was a foregone conclusion. [45] Similarly, BBC journalist Paul Reynolds portrayed PNAC's activities and goals as key to understanding the foreign policy of the George W. Bush administration after September 11, 2001, suggesting that Bush's "dominant" foreign policy was at least partly inspired by the PNAC's ideas. "[28] Believing that UN sanctions against Iraq would be an ineffective means of disarming Iraq, PNAC members also wrote a letter to Republican members of the U.S. Congress Newt Gingrich and Trent Lott,[29] urging Congress to act, and supported the Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 (H.R.4655)[30][31] which President Clinton signed into law in October 1998. The report advocated the cancellation of "roadblock" programs such as the Joint Strike Fighter (which it argued would absorb "exorbitant" amounts of Pentagon funding while providing limited gains), but favored the development of "global missile defenses," and the control of "space and cyberspace," including the creation of a new military service with the mission of "space control." "[19] While its permanent staff was relatively small, the organization was "especially well connected," with some of its statements and letters attracting the support of prominent conservatives and neoconservatives. Twitter Share on linkedin. N��h� �hrMX��a4�UᄓT�$���5�SA�"�/��mWd \1e�Ӫ��� It was established as a non-profit educational organization in 1997, and founded by William Kristol and Robert Kagan. I believe that "Rebuilding America's Defenses" is a must-read for anyone concerned about the future of our planet. Ever since Gutenberg rolled out his infamous printing press in the mid-fourteen hundreds, books have warmed our hearts and homes in ample abundance. War, the principle that a strong defense will best protect the country remains valid. To take it we would have to ditch our exclusive religious beliefs and allow the Golden Rule, to rule. 0000009734 00000 n The report also states, "advanced forms of biological warfare that can “target” specific genotypes may transform biological warfare from the realm of terror to a politically useful tool." 0000002190 00000 n L'objectif affiché du PNAC est de promouvoir le leadership mondial des États-Unis. In 1998, Kristol and Kagan advocated regime change in Iraq throughout the Iraq disarmament process through articles that were published in the New York Times. [19], According to Maria Ryan, the individuals who signed the PNAC's statements and letters were not employees or members of the group, and "supporters of PNAC's initiatives differed from case to case. [8][9][10][11] Observers such as Irwin Stelzer and Dave Grondin have suggested that the PNAC played a key role in shaping the foreign policy of the Bush Administration, particularly in building support for the Iraq War. h�Y)�M��BѭBn�Ֆ�+��z�U�E���L���ҋ��_)�,�.�$�Dh�����-*�ODωu�+����]����!�P�Q�El���w���&Z5��=�_/`(%&m�O��f 51у�Z��bķ������$��-+�_���x����o�V.��F [12][13][14][15] Academics such as Inderjeet Parmar, Phillip Hammond, and Donald E. Abelson have said PNAC's influence on the George W. Bush administration has been exaggerated.[16][17][18]. 2 REILI AERICAS ILITAR PROECT: TE ITE STATES AR Download this must read document released just one short year before the tragic events of September 11th. 0000009142 00000 n Lingua: english. 0000010144 00000 n "Rebuilding America's Defenses": Access Problem Ignored Issue Brief July 26, 2000 By Loren B. Thompson, Ph.D. A conservative think tank called The Project for the New American Century has completed a two-year study of U.S. defense needs. This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book. THE PATH NEVER CHOSEN is the Only Path to Peace. LinkedIn Share on pinterest . H�b```f`������(� �� �@Q�0�J60( iFF&� � ���� \��h`�34r�H��nL;�YY�X�� Rebuilding America’s Defenses-–Strategy, Forces and Resources for a New Century (Sep 2000) Download Full PDF.HERE. Share on These Popular Social Networking Websites. ... Only a war against Saddam Hussein will decisively restore the awe that protects American interests abroad and citizens at home". 0000004410 00000 n [4][5] PNAC's stated goal was "to promote American global leadership. 0000010558 00000 n Should Lightning expect stingy defenses, tight division race? [19], During the summer of 1996, Kristol and Kagan co-authored an article in Foreign Affairs titled "Toward a Neo-Reaganite Foreign Policy" - referring to the foreign policy of President Ronald Reagan. . Salva per dopo. Share on These Popular Social Networking Websites. Share on facebook. Donald E. Abelson has written that scholars studying "PNAC's ascendancy" in the political arena "cannot possibly overlook the fact" that several of the signatories to PNAC's Statement of Purposes "received high level positions in the Bush administration," but that acknowledging these facts "is a far cry from making the claim that the institute was the architect of Bush's foreign policy."[16][46][47]. Anno: 2000. While each paper took as its starting point a shared strategic point of view, we made no attempt to dictate the views or direction of the individual papers. Download this must read document released just one short year before the tragic events of September 11th. Project For a New American Century: "Rebuilding Americas Defenses" by Project for a New American Century. [57], The Strategic Studies Institute' s Jeffrey Record in his monograph Bounding the Global War on Terrorism, Gabriel Kolko, research professor emeritus at York University and author of Another Century of War? Jochen Bölsche, "Bushs Masterplan - Der Krieg, der aus dem Think Tank kam", administration of U.S. President George W. Bush, Committee for Peace and Security in the Gulf, Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, National Security Advisor of the United States, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Global Strategic Affairs, Under Secretary of State for Democracy and Global Affairs, A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm, "War With Iraq/Political Thought: Those Who Sought War are Now Pushing Peace", "Bush Dreams of Changing Not Just Regime but Region", "Nation-Builders must not lose their voice", First Impressions, Second Thoughts: Reflections on the Changing Role of Think Tanks in U.S. Foreign Policy, Running the World: The Inside Story of the National Security Council and the Architects of American Power,, "Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century", "Rebuilding America's Defenses. )>> /F 179 0 R >> endobj 470 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Clinton Administration\220s adherence to the 1972 ABM Treaty has fru\ strated development of useful ballistic missile defenses. Principale Rebuilding Americas Defenses. [14][41][42][43][44] Writing in Der Spiegel in 2003, for example, Jochen Bölsche specifically referred to PNAC when he claimed that "ultra-rightwing US think-tanks" had been "drawing up plans for an era of American global domination, for the emasculation of the UN, and an aggressive war against Iraq" in "broad daylight" since 1998. "[48], Rebuilding America's Defenses recommended establishing four core missions for US military forces: the defense of the "American homeland," the fighting and winning of "multiple, simultaneous major theatre wars," the performance of "'constabular' duties associated with shaping the security environment" in key regions, and the transformation of US forces "to exploit the 'revolution in military affairs.'" The letter warned that allowing Hussein to remain in power would be "an early and perhaps decisive surrender in the war on international terrorism. [19][27] Portraying Saddam Hussein as a threat to the United States, its Middle East allies, and oil resources in the region, and emphasizing the potential danger of any weapons of mass destruction under Iraq's control, the letter asserted that the United States could "no longer depend on our partners in the Gulf War to continue to uphold the sanctions or to punish Saddam when he blocks or evades UN inspections." 0000010122 00000 n The statement had 25 signers, including project members and outside supporters (see Signatories to Statement of Principles). One of the PNAC's most influential publications was a 90-page report titled Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategies, Forces, and Resources For a New Century. )>> /F 66 0 R >> endobj 467 0 obj << /I << /Title (It would be wise to reduce the frequency of carrier presence in the Medi\ terranean and the Gulf while increasing U.S. Navy presence in the Pacifi\ c.)>> /F 100 0 R >> endobj 468 0 obj << /I << /Title (The Navy must begin to reduce its heavy dependence on carrier operations\ . I believe that "Rebuilding America's Defenses" is a must-read for anyone concerned about the future of our planet. Hammond, for example, notes that while Rebuilding America's Defenses "is often cited as evidence that a blueprint for American domination of the world was implemented under cover of the war on terrorism," it was actually "unexceptional." Pagine: 90. Its specific recommendations included the maintenance of US nuclear superiority, an increase of the active personnel strength of the military from 1.4 to 1.6 million people, the redeployment of US forces to Southeast Europe and Asia, and the "selective" modernization of US forces. 0000007085 00000 n Facebook Share on twitter. Anteprima. Home; About; Seeking funds for Flint, Democrats block energy bill. The plan shows Bush's cabinet intended to take military control of the Gulf region whether or not Saddam Hussein was in power. The new National Defense Strategy’s Rebuilding America’s Military Project: The United States Army Thomas W. Spoehr. The document, entitled Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategies, Forces And Resources For A New Century, was written in September 2000 by the neo-conservative think-tank Project for the New American Century (PNAC). Diese Forderung zur Fortsetzung des unter Ronald Reagan begonnenen „Star Wars“-Projekts SDI war Gegenstand zahlreicher Analysen und zog viel Kritik auf sich. Rebuilding America’s Military Project: The United States Army Thomas W. Spoehr. Se continui ad utilizzare questo sito noi assumiamo che tu ne sia felice. Stating that American policy "cannot continue to be crippled by a misguided insistence on unanimity in the UN Security Council," the letter's signatories asserted that "the U.S. has the authority under existing UN resolutions to take the necessary steps, including military steps, to protect our vital interests in the Gulf. Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century", "PUBLIC LAW 105–338—OCT. REBUILDING AMERICA’S DEFENSES Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century. Rebuilding America's Defenses. Reddit From the Podcast Archive. Categorie: Technique\\Construction. Rebuilding America's Defenses book. "Critics have made much of the fact that US actions after 9/11 seemed to follow neoconservative thinking on foreign and security policy formulated before Bush took office." It said the United States should strengthen ties with its democratic allies, "challenge regimes hostile to our interests and values," and preserve and extend "an international order friendly to our security, our prosperity, and our principles." 0000002383 00000 n Posts about Rebuilding America’s Defenses written by Max T. Furr. Rebuilding Americas Defenses The Project for the New American Century. Rebuilding America's Defenses. )>> /F 218 0 R >> endobj 471 0 obj << /I << /Title (Until the process of transformation is treated as an enduring military m\ ission \205 worthy of a constant allocation of dollars and forces \205 i\ t will remain stillborn. Secretary of Defense James Mattis has issued his initial campaign plan for rebuilding America's military, pursuant to a presidential directive signed January 27. IRAQ LIBERATION ACT OF 1998", "MEMORANDUM TO: OPINION LEADERS, FROM: MARK LAGON, SUBJECT: Iraq", "Former Bush Aide: US Plotted Iraq Invasion Long Before 9/11", "State of Terror: War by any other name . )>> /F 213 0 R >> endobj 466 0 obj << /I << /Title (The increasing number of \217constabulary\220 missions for U.S. troops, \ such as in Kosovo above, must be considered an integral element in Penta\ gon force planning. Na 11/9 was ik er van overtuigd dat het een schandalige aktie was op onze westerse normen. [21], PNAC's first public act was to release a "Statement of Principles" on June 3, 1997. 0000011527 00000 n Trump memenangkan kontestasi pilpres dengan menghempaskan pesaingnya dari kubu Demokrat, Hillary Clinton. Publication date 2000-09 Topics 9/11, NeoConservatism, NeoCons, September 11th Collection opensource Language English 0000004834 00000 n Rebuilding Americas Defenses Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century A subject of The bear for the New American Century September 2000 jumpy THE PROJECT FOR THE NEW AMERICAN CENTURY Established in the spring of 1997, the Project for the New American Century is a nonprofit, educational organization whose goal is to promote American world(a) leadership.